While it is possible to record your own music just by using a single computer and nothing else, you are moslt likely going to want some more possibilities in your creative process. If all you do is working with digital material, already
While it is possible to record your own music just by using a single computer and nothing else, you are most likely going to want some more possibilities in your creative process, and better sound quality on your recordings.
If all you do is working with digital material, already available on your computer and online, you don’t need much else than a DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) like Ableton Live, Cubase, Fruity Loops, CakeWalk by BandLab or any other DAW or tool that you prefer. But as soon as you want to start recording an instrument, or your voice or sample your own sounds, you will need additional inputs, and better quality on the inputs than what the computer itself can provide.
The most basic setup requires an audio interface. The number of inputs depends on how many simultaneous sound sources you will be using. Let’s say you want to record your synthesizer and drum machine at the same time, and you want to be able to edit them on their separate track afterwards, then you’ll need two separate inputs to do so.
If you want to have several sound sources and you can mix them down to one or two channels in order to save inputs on your audio interface, you will need a mixer. How many channels you need, depends on your instrumentation.
You will need a decent microphone to record vocals, samples and acoustic instruments. Spend a little more than the cheapest ones, to make sure sound quality is ok.
If you don’t have the budget to buy lots of synthesizers and gear, you could get some kind of midi controller, like a master keyboard and a trigger pad for drums. If you want 25 keys or 88 keys, depends on your needs and space.
So, it is possible to have a fully functional recording studio in your bedroom by utilising the physically smallest products available, as you will come a long way with a simple audio interface like Focusrite Scarlett 2i2, a tiny mixer like the Behringer XENYX 502, a microphone like the Røde NT1-A and a 25 keys keyboard controller like Novation Launchkey Mini.